Read Bishop Lopes’ March 28, 2017 lecture at the University of Vienna, where he presented on the work of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith at the Vatican.
It is important to note at the outset that there is no monolithic “thing” such as
“the” Inquisition. There were many Inquisitions. Often these were organs of the
civil authority, which follows a precedent traceable back to the Roman Empire and
earlier whereby the unity of civil order was maintained and fostered by a unity of
religious practice. Heresy, in this understanding, is a disruption of the civil order and therefore a crime.
Read the rest here.